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ghidra safe io which can be found. This page shows various raw decompilation comparisons between GHIDRA 9 and JEB 4 (Beta). 0. The official website for NSA -- the National Security Agency National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS). Remote eval. The Kali Linux is the industry’s leading Linux distribution in penetration testing and ethical hacking. This framework includes a suite of full-featured, high-end software analysis tools that enable users to analyze compiled code on a variety of platforms including Windows, macOS, and Linux. . We Instead, the tool of choice is Ghidra, an astoundingly good open-source reverse engineering suite released by the NSA. The Ghidra reverse engineering tool is free to download and use and is a worthy alternative to incumbent IDA Pro. Space "Toys available in this site are not safe for children under 3" Köpa Viagra i Sverige I'm dealing with the following thunk in Ghidra: Now when I double-click the thunked function, Ghidra takes me to the real function, and I can see that it expects 2 parameters ("param_1" FSRL instances are immutable and thread-safe. Ghidra is great, and I like scripting as much of my RE as possible. Continuing with my preliminary exploration of Ghidra. Buried in the Ghidra docs directory, you will find a directory named Emulation with an example of how to use Ghidra to emulate machine code. It is very much like IDA. And again I started to search strings like a password but I know it should not be at the beginning of the stack because it’s usually flooded by Flutter stuff. Since the Ghidra tool is free, this increases access for people to use it in both professional and educational settings — potentially making for a safer internet, even as it could introduce new Awesome Ghidra . Now, the agency wants to 'give back,' so GHIDRA is available for download on the NSA's website. Ghidra is an awesome RE tool that quickly took off after its initial launch in 2019. 7. Often researchers will need open and run malware in tools called disassemblers or debuggers such as IDA or GHIDRA. Prior to release, my expectation was something more than Binary Ninja, but lacking debugger integration. Ghidra's Django is not the miserable black-clad outcast as is often seen; the character here is a handsome, well-kept loner with a stiff upper lip and stylish neck scarf. Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework developed by NSA's Research Directorate for NSA's cybersecurity mission. " Ghidra¶ Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework created and maintained by the National Security Agency Research Directorate. The binaries were released at RSA Conference in March 2019; the sources were published one month later on GitHub. You can mitigate this risk by running Ghidra Bridge from a Ghidra server with reduced permissions (a non-admin user, or inside a container), by only running it when needed, or by running on non-network connected systems. In this chapter, we will introduce Ghidra debug mode. When the comparison was made with already established tools like IDA Pro, Radare2 etc, GHIDRA stands out as the favourite. 147 safe. They're using the original binaries of the game to recreate its code in C++, so it should be fine in that aspect. The majority of my previous experiences were mostly analyzing Capture The Flag (CTF) binaries with the help and instruction from my good friend Matt Carpenter of Grimm Security. Knowledge and/or experience with the Atlassian software stack (Jira and Confluence). Ghidra is the strong competitor to IDA Pro and is used by NSA itself for Reverse Engineering. Normally, Ghidra scripts get an instance of the Ghidra state and current* variables (currentProgram, currentAddress, etc) when first started, and it doesn't update while the script runs. data safe from disasters, with Custom dropper hide and seek . 0. ) Scripting Ghidra can make the discovery phase of reverse engineering fly by extremely fast. But Ghidra has been open source for a while now, so I feel reasonably safe installing it from the Arch Linux repository. We break down support below for each architecture based on whether we support disassembly, lifting, inline-assembly editing (which also includes insertion of raw chunks of assembly), and C compilation (using our own built in compiler called SCC): Ghidra’s analysis is designed around independent analyzers. net dictionary. This post is a summary of what I’ve picked up over the last couple of months reverse engineering binaries and competing in CTFs. Ghidra Bridge. This framework includes a suite of full-featured, high-end software analysis tools that enable users to analyze compiled code on a variety of platforms including Windows, macOS, and Linux. Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework created and maintained by the National Security Agency Research Directorate. Maybe the best solution will be to check if function you have has 5 or 6 instructions. Ghidra is seen by many security researchers as a competitor to IDA Pro. - Ghidra will decompile code from a dozen different architectures. An exception is an event that occurs during the execution of a program, and requires the execution of code outside the normal flow of control. But information-stealing malware can operate in the background of infected systems, looking to steal users’ passwords, track their habits online and hijack personal information. A few Ghidra tips for IDA users, part 2 – strings and parameters, (Wed, Apr 17th) Posted by admin-csnv on April 16, 2019 . Now, normally saying “I ran a binary the NSA gave me” will get you laughed out of the room. Visit the application using the domain name. To understand how to get Ghidra to change calling conventions, we need to dive into Ghidra’s decompiler and take a look at how they find parameters. DAT_ can be named differently dependent on quality of analyze. But what if you wanted to make modifications to the binary itself? The process of making changes to a binary and modifying its instruction flow is called "patching a binary". com/2019/03/ghidra-reverse-engineering-tool. org, but there is a problem: the site cannot be accessed from some countries outside of the US (including Canada). Last updated on February 2021. Each analyzer has a very specific task, such as finding constant propagation or studying control flow. Ghidra. It is used for Reverse Engineering, Malware Analysis and Exploits analysis. Hackers do this to bypass built-in protections, or to make the program behave in a different way to make the exploit development process go more Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework - NationalSecurityAgency/ghidra Overall, I enjoyed The Ghidra Book, and it was a good starting point for me in entering the world of reverse engineering and the many different tools that are accessible due to being open-sourced. Looking at the Runner class, there are a number of interesting methods that are implemented. This topic isn’t new but what better way to poke around the newly released NSA grade reversing tool Ghidra? Ghidra, a free, open-source software reverse-engineering tool that was released by the National Security Agency at RSA, has been found to be a potential conduit to remote code-execution. Ghidra (China) large: $80. Ghidra is a fantastic opportunity for researchers that were confined to limited versions of commercial tools, which, although better than nothing, allow analysis only up to a certain level. I confirmed this behavior with Ghidra and a PoC. You can also extend it by using python or Java. "Giant Space Monster Dogora"), is a 1964 Japanese science fiction film directed by Ishirō Honda, written by Jojiro Okami and Shinichi Sekizawa, and produced by Yasuyoshi Tajitsu and Tomoyuki Tanaka, with special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya. Looking at the Runner class, there are a number of interesting methods that are implemented. Government in cryptology that encompasses both signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance (now referred to as cybersecurity) products and services, and enables computer network operations (CNO). Yesterday I found a powershell script using urlscan. To make things easier, choose a tool with an easy-to-use API that Still though, using Ghidra to disassemble and/or reverse engineer the code it's fairly legal, as it's still RE and not the original source code. Please read the updated CONTRIBUTING guide to find out more about how you can join the community. In a year or so I'd imagine Ghidra will replace IDA and IDA, as a security researcher said, "will go the same way the Borland compiler went when GCC came out" Ghidra implements Python scripting using jython2. DevSecOps, containerization and cloud native security methods are here, but streamlining their use is an ongoing challenge in government. GitHub Repository See full list on helpdeskgeek. 10-13mg daily has once been shown to improve liver regenesis rates in a clinically ill population, and may be the lowest estimate of an active oral dose. According to the announcement for a RSAConference sessions, GHIDRA is a reverse engineering framework that is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux that the NSA is unveiling at the conference. CPU: MIPS Big Endian Binary Ninja includes various levels of support for different CPUs. " —Max Kersten "The book takes you from the beginning of your Ghidra journey to the end. I created tooling to help automate the discovery of DLL hijacks. 2-1-x86_64. Described as “A software reverse engineering (SRE) suite of tools”, Ghidra sounded like some kind of disassembler framework. . Ghidra’s decompiler is so powerful. (Yes, that means you are stuck coding in Python 2 syntax. SAFe, ICAgile, PMI-ACP). Last updated on February 2021. It can be helpful for CHDK porting. htb. To recap, DLL hijacking is a method for attackers to obtain code execution in signed/trusted applications. Albeit, Ghidra is much slower than IDA. Run the Ghidra. In 2019, NSA officially released the source code of the reverse engineering framework which was developed in the US. IDA will only do x86, x64, ARM and AArch64 (and you pay for all of those separately). The Ghidra Version Tracking tool is a powerful tool for identifying equivalent code in different programs. It is using the open source license Apache version 2. pkg. The worry is that the NSA, which is, after all, a spy agency, will have put backdoors into the software. They’re as safe as we want them to be. Using Ghidra you can convert this to an Unsigned Decimal value and see that it is 53471. However, this phenomenon can be illustrated by applying sort of rare tactics to bypass the obfuscation mechanism in order to NSA releases Ghidra, a free software reverse engineering toolkit Posted on March 6, 2019 March 7, 2019 At the RSA security conference today, the National Security Agency, released Ghidra, a free software reverse engineering tool that the agency had been using internally for well over a decade. (Some assembly required. The portrayal is that of a resigned, world-weary soul that would rather stroll the streets of his hometown than commit murders-for-hire. The latest tweets from @GHIDRA_RE Ghidra was a secret tool, how do we know about it? The existence of the tool was uncovered in a series of leaks by WikiLeaks as part of Vault 7 documents of CIA. (note that the “localhost” IP of 127. Its the perfect choice for cooler evenings! • 50% cotton, 50% polyester • Double-lined hood • Double-needle stitching throughout • Air-jet spun yarn with a soft feel and reduced pilling • 1x1 In Ghidra case we have little trouble because on how advanced analyze you had you will get different output in disassembler window. 0. Examples (pipes shown in red since they are hard to see): file://dir/subdir -- simplest example, locates a file on local computer filesystem. . However, if you’re going down the career path of malware analysis or reverse engineering then this is the must-have book for you. I would like to get a comprehensive analysis from anyone who has access to it before and how it is better. However, I believe that this won’t stop our international readers; VPN and Tor are hackers’ best friends. 1 was merely chosen as a “safe” example value for this exercise). S. If not, it's wrong and you should check other results. Due to DLL search order, one could implant a binary for a vulnerable application to load and execute. The German software company behind TeamViewer, one of the most popular software in the world that allows users to access and share their desktops remotely, was reportedly compromised in 2016, the German newspaper Der Spiegel revealed today. The script manager has a toolbar with small icons at the top, and the one left to the big red plus symbol should have the hover text **Script Directories**. If not, it's wrong and you should check other results. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. R510 Unleashed AP: C110, E510, H320, H510, M510, R310, R500, R510 R600, R610, R710, R720, T300, T301n, T310d, T610, T710 ZoneDirector line GHIDRA is a reverse engineering framework that is based on Java and features a graphical user interface (GUI) along with a design to run on a variety of the platforms that include Windows, Linux and macOS. Conclusion. "It shouldn't be impossible to rely on it for general Ghidra is a free and open source reverse engineering tool developed by the National Security Agency. Internally, the NSA uses GHIDRA to examine all kinds of software. Parrot 4. Headless Analyzer Introduction and Guidelines. The Headless Analyzer is a command-line-based (non-GUI) version of Ghidra that allows users to: Create and populate projects Ghidra, the 35th piece of open source software made public by the NSA, is a modular, cross-platform, Java-based tool that can reverse-engineer software for Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS or Android. 0. 0. And the best thing is that it is totally free. That is a significant game changer that matters substantially when you have a team of reverse engineers working in a collaborative fashion to reverse a set of binaries from a target system. It helps me to understand different architectures easily. 2* Ghidra, an NSA tool recently published by the NSA is a software “reverse engineering (SRE) suite of tools developed by NSA's Research Directorate in support of the Cybersecurity mission. DLL Hijacking simply executes an external library (dll) a Portable Executable(PE) was not intended to run. Maybe the best solution will be to check if function you have has 5 or 6 instructions. DAT_ can be named differently dependent on quality of analyze. This framework includes a suite of full-featured, high-end software analysis tools that enable users to analyze compiled code on a variety of platforms including Windows, macOS, and Linux. ) Ghidra is an incredibly powerful tool, but much of this power comes from knowing how to use it effectively. zst for Arch Linux from Arch Linux Community repository. It has been a while since I have analyzed any program or firmware. The source code of Ghidra is available on GitHub. rep directory and . Ghidra is good in the part. It can display not only the disassembly of our binary but also have a decompiler that allows us to see a bit higher level code. If Ghidra does not currently support 76F0219F1 NEC processor architecture, Ghidra can be extended using SLEIGH. Ghidra Software Reverse Engineering Framework Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework created and maintained by the National Security Agency Research Directorate. In the old days, RCE tools were either so limited or very expensive. This page shows various raw decompilation comparisons between GHIDRA 9 and JEB 4 (Beta). 1. We chose the NSA's GHIDRA as the primary comparison point for native decompilation because it is a popular, high-quality tool that sets the highest standard in terms of native code decompilation for x86 and arm. The workflow described on this page is very loosely adapted from from the workflow section. This framework includes a suite of full-featured, high-end software analysis tools that enable users to analyze compiled code on a variety of platforms including Windows, macOS, and Linux. This keeps you safe from storing any malware on your host computer and accidentally triggering an unwanted virus. Semi-automatic struct inference rocks, and it comes with a big type library. "The Ghidra Book provides a thorough introduction for new users, using clear examples with plenty of background information . The software is written in Java using the Swing framework for the GUI. com Kenyon mitigates the trust risk a little by adding that the scope of Ghidra's professed capabilities is limited and relatively benign. Today during RSA Conference, the National Security Agency release their much hyped Ghidra reverse engineering toolkit. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. . Using this tooling, I found DLL hijacks within Slack, Microsoft Teams, and Visual Studio Code. 89 likes. Ghidra can be downloaded from its official Web site ghidra-sre. The decompiler component is written in C++. Ghidra offers many features that IDA does, such as the disassembler. Ghidra Bridge is designed to be transparent, to allow easy porting of non-bridged scripts without too many changes. The National Security Agency released the Ghidra reverse-engineering tool to the open source community. In Ghidra case we have little trouble because on how advanced analyze you had you will get different output in disassembler window. Still though, using Ghidra to disassemble and/or reverse engineer the code it's fairly legal, as it's still RE and not the original source code. 10. Definition of Ghidra in the Definitions. Ghidra is a free software reverse engineering (SRE) framework developed by the National Security Agency (NSA) of the United States. Let's see how we can write a simple script that will automate few things for us. We chose the NSA's GHIDRA as the primary comparison point for native decompilation because it is a popular, high-quality tool that sets the highest standard in terms of native code decompilation for x86 and arm. a valuable addition to the skill set of a malware analyst. Ghidra is a free tool for reverse engineering from the National Security Agency (NSA) We’re not saying that all web browsers are unsafe. Awesome Ghidra . What makes the analyzer design of Ghidra so powerful is that you can chain together multiple ones and add to the defaults to get a better output. Ghidra’s emulation capabilities are not very well documented, but there are some helpful files in the Ghidra repository that were enough to get us get started. Third, when you patch, you’ll break any code signing that might exist. English Gematria, Hebrew Gematria and Jewish Gematria and Numerology Posted in: Bitcoin, Crypto News Tagged: Bitcoin, Game Boy, Ghidra, ghidra ninja, hardware hacking, Pico, raspberry pi, XRP Holders: NO ONE IS SAFE! SEC Sues In a shocking revelation, it turns out that a hacking group believed to be sponsored by Chinese intelligence had been using some of the zero-day exploits linked to the NSA's Equation Group almost a year before the mysterious Shadow Brokers group leaked them. Open Ghidra, add the firmware file to your project and configure it like below. This allows any saved tool configurations to be automatically ported to new projects. It is a distribution that comes shipped with tons and tons of hacking and penetration tools and software by default, and is widely recognized in all parts of the world, even among Windows users who may not even know what Linux is. My goal is to help you build an understanding of Ghidra’s primary components as you take your first steps with Ghidra, with the hope that you’ll choose to dive deeper and teach me what you learn 😉 Ghidra is being used by the NSA over a decade to reverse engineer software to help analyze malicious code and malware and can give cybersecurity professionals a better understanding of potential NSA has applied Ghidra SRE capabilities to a variety of problems that involve analyzing malicious code and generating deep insights for SRE analysts who seek a better understanding of potential vulnerabilities in networks and systems. Ghidra¶ Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework created and maintained by the National Security Agency Research Directorate. From there, you can right-click and select “add a new script Hence i think it would be better to run Ghidra in a safe enviroment (like a "air-gapped enviroment or a VM in a dmz") just for a while, until enough time passes for letting everyone in the OSS comunity to check it (If not for backdoors, just for any kind of vulnerability/misconfig). Introduction to Reverse Engineering with Ghidra: A Four Session Course Analysing meterpreter payload with Ghidra, (Fri, Mar 8th) Posted by admin-csnv on March 8, 2019 . Value of ghidra in Gematria is 109, Online Gematria Calculator with same phrases values search and words. Ghidra plugins can be developed in Java or in Python. 1 was merely chosen as a “safe” example value for this exercise). Reverse Engineering Malware with Ghidra: Pluralsight - Josh Stroschein: 29: Monthly (There are also $299 and $449 yearly options) Ghidra, Reverse Engineering, Malware, Obfuscation, Packing, Ghidra Scripts: Defeating Anti-Reverse Engineering and Anti-Debugging Techniques: Pluralsight - Josh Stroschein: 29: Monthly (There are also $299 and $449 The running joke in the technology press is, of course, that these products may not be safe to use. Launched at the RSA Conference, the NSA's toolkit offers free features typically found in DLL Hijacking & Ghidra. It allows interactive reverse engineering and decompilation of binaries, elf, hex, firmwares for a broad spectrum of processors, from 6502/Z80/68000 via MIPS, ARM to X86. Software. These are all things that can change now that we have source, Ghidra is #2 tool but it's not THAT far behind IDA, especially for being free. To start scripting Ghidra, you need to go under Window > Script Manager. Yes, Ghidra is completely open source. New installations of Ghidra will, by default, use the saved profile from a user's most recent version of Ghidra. The US National Security Agency(NSA) develops and release an advanced hacking tool called Ghidra v9. In this chapter, we will introduce reverse engineering malware using Ghidra. Ghidra is a software reverse engineering (SRE) framework created and maintained by the National Security Agency Research Directorate. Ghidra is open source. However, if you run the Ghidra Python interpreter, that updates its state with every command, so that currentAddress always matches the GUI. Nearly a year later, Kaspersky Labs announced they had confirmed this strange update Learn How to use Ghidra Software Reverse Engineering ToolRead More: https://thehackernews. 00: V-004. Users may also develop their own Ghidra plug-in components and/or scripts using Java or Python. This framework includes a suite of full-featured,,ghidra Vendors typically seem to be safe by ensuring obfuscation over their intellectual property, but unfortunately, software code is not safe from being modified even after applying obfuscation; it still can be cracked. 2. In this course we will learn Ghidra by solving Linux and Windows CrackMe challenges. The reverse engineering of a software or program uses disassembling (converting the binary instructions into the assembly code when its Additional Agile-based training or certifications (e. Download ghidra-9. This article describes an approach for using Ghidra to perform malicious code analysis. Ghidra In 2017, Wikileaks released Vault 7, a substantial collection of material about CIA/NSA cyber-activities along with series of documents, Ghidra became known. Ghidra, for example, doesn’t seem able to patch and save without corrupting the binary. In Ghidra under the symbol tree, click on Functions folder and select main. Thanks to Ghidra, this has totally changed. Backup by manually copying the . The next step is to find a malware analysis tool. Ghidra supports a wide variety of process instruction sets and executable formats and can be run in both user-interactive and automated modes. Most users assume they are safe when surfing the web on a daily basis. g. Because Ghidra is open-source, it is completely free. I encourage anyone that has an interest in reverse engineering or who just wants to investigate cool open-sourced tools to give The Ghidra Book a read. I didn’t (and still don’t) have any idea about the origins, being benign or maliciou Ghidra is a binary reverse engineering tool developed by the National Security Agency (NSA). What does Ghidra mean? Information and translations of Ghidra in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Ghidra is one of many open source software (OSS) projects developed within the National Security Agency. But Ghidra's Python scripting is based on Jython, which isn't in a great state these days. Hex Fiend is probably your best friend here, but of course other tools should work also. The process of transforming source code into application binaries is a lossy process, but at least some of this data can be reincorporated into a Ghidra analysis by loading debug information. gpr file from any Ghidra project directories to a safe location on your file system. Everyone needs a cozy go-to hoodie to curl up in, so go for one thats soft, smooth, and stylish. These tools allow the researcher to see the low-level code called assembly Dogora, released in Japan as Uchū Daikaijū Dogora (宇宙大怪獣ドゴラ, lit. This website uses cookies and other tracking technology to analyse traffic, personalise ads and learn how we can improve the experience for our visitors and customers. - Ghidra's type system is nice, and in some ways nicer than IDA's. Last time, we talked about how to reverse engineer a binary using Ghidra. Afterwards in Ghidra you can open the project with an admin account and go to “Project” -> “Edit Project Access List” Changing the ACL for a project Summary Learning Ghidra Basics Analyzing Firmware Introduction. It is a software reverse engineering tool which is been used by the agency experts for over a decades to hunt down security bugs in application and software. 0 for free, for both the offensive and defensive purpose. An interesting tidbit about how Ghidra does decompilation: since the main Ghidra application is a Swing applet written in Java, and the decompiler itself is written in C++, Ghidra starts up a Reverse engineering is a key skill for malware analysts and security researchers. Meaning of Ghidra. As in the previous method and obviously in Ghidra it looks clearly in the program stack those strings are close to each other and I followed execution flow. We will use Ghidra to analyze this file. tar. Using Ghidra you can convert this to an Unsigned Decimal value and see that it is 53471. Here are some examples of how to do this: Implementing a New CPU Architecture for Ghidra; new 6502 CPU description; Writing a wasm loader for Ghidra. (Updated for 2020) Easy Install Ghidra on Windows 10 March 30, 2020 *Updated for 2020 v9. Knowledge of other Agile approaches, specifically Kanban and its application to Scrum teams. Safe to say that this is a valid RAM dump, and with this, I will finish up this post. It helps analyze malicious code and malware like viruses, and can give cybersecurity professionals a better understanding of potential vulnerabilities in their networks and systems. It will likely always be as Ghidra is made with Java, while IDA Pro is made with C++. This website uses cookies and other tracking technology to analyse traffic, personalise ads and learn how we can improve the experience for our visitors and customers. “There is no backdoor in Ghidra,” protested Rob Joyce, cybersecurity advisor to the NSA director, at RSA Conference 2019. Introduction. In this course, you will learn how to utilize the NSA's Ghidra reverse engineering tool to take your reversing skills to the next level. By continuing to browse our website, you consent to the use of cookies, as described in our Cookie Policy. The Ghidra Book: The Definitive Guide Not for reading to your kids as a bedtime story or for the fiction section of your shelf. NSA leads the U. (note that the “localhost” IP of 127. 6 Released by Parrot security with so many updates that bring all the hacking tools on the table with new futures and important bug fixes for the various vulnerabilities that affected the Parrot security OS and Linux kernel. Is there anything I can do to open the NEC binary dump in Ghidra? Yes. 10. Pick a malware analysis tool. Installing new packages is a hassle, if they can even run in a Jython environment, and it's only going to get worse as Python 2 slowly gets turned off. Additional details about the version tracking tool can be found in the Version Tracking section of the Ghidra help. Emulation Examples Bundled with Ghidra. Robert Joyce, an NSA senior Ghidra is a suite of reverse engineering tools. Complete source code for Ghidra along with build instructions have been added to the repository. htmlVideo Source: https Ghidra allows for multiple users to annotate and modify disassembled files and provides a way for them to version control the annotated disassembly. Here's what you need to know to get started. Hey, everyone NSA recently announced the release of a new open source reverse engineering tool called GHIDRA. 05/31/2018; 2 minutes to read; K; v; m; In this article. GHIDRA is a Java-based reverse engineering framework that supports a graphical Structured Exception Handling. 10. Ghidra may not be the IDA Pro killer most experts expected, since IDA Pro still offers a debugger component not present in Ghidra, but things are looking up. 00: large: $50. In this introduction to Ghidra we will find the source code of a simple executable without reading any assembly code!Pull apart an EXE with Ghidra (NSA Tool) People thought it was odd, but the update was properly signed by Asus, and antivirus scans reported it as safe. To help, we’ve provided an example of doing this with the Authentic8 External API. If we continue with the call to RegOpenKeyExA from last time (yes, I know this code is unreachable as we discussed last time, but let’s keep going anyway). When looking at improving bile salt composition, a dose around 15-20mg/kg bodyweight TUDCA seems best according to one study. They're using the original binaries of the game to recreate its code in C++, so it should be fine in that aspect. To aid reverse engineers, Ghidra provides a disassembler and decompiler that is able to recover high level C-like pseudocode from assembly, allowing reverse engineers to understand the binary much more easily. In Ghidra, open the application menu item **Window**, and select **Script Manager**, which is the one with the green "play button" style logo. ghidra safe