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Norman surnames in ireland

norman surnames in ireland gl/YMdDBg The upshot is that almost all so-called Norman surnames were created and adopted only in Ireland. In 1172 Sir Gilbert de Nogent came to Ireland with Sir Hugh de Lacy. “Irish” will do. Sources that assign heraldry to Irish surnames are generally not to be trusted. 1823 Fermanagh Ireland By Norman Rogers January 26, 2009 at 11:40:20. " The history of the Knowles surname is divided into four main areas. Then there are Irish surnames of Anglo-Norman origin, amounting to perhaps 7% of the total. The island of reference is likely to have been located in the North of France due to the origination of the surname. The name is commonly seen in the south-east of Ireland, particularly counties Waterford and Kilkenny. See full list on geni. Here are 10 of them: 1. e. Irish patronymics surnames were formed by prefixing Mac· (son of) to the genitive case of the fathers name, or Ua· or O· (grandson of) to that of the grandfather. In 1891 there were 2,656 Norman families living in London. a minor result of which was the resumption of the prefixes 0 and Mac so widely discarded two or three centuries Evelyn Surname used as given name . The given name was likely first introduced to England after the Norman Conquest of 1066, and is first recorded as 'Rogerus' in the Domesday Book of 1086. Anglo Norman families in Ireland include: Barry; Bellew; Bermingham; Burke; Carew and Clare, among hundreds of others given in this book along with family history notes. meaning “rule. Reynold was a Viking leader who harried the English and. From England and Ireland, the migration encompassed further areas to include Australia, Canada, and America. . A branch of the family settled in Mayo. A Primary Valuation property survey from the 1800s shows that there were 159 Codd households in Wexford; far more than in any other county. Its Norman origin is more apparent in the alternative spelling, still sometimes used – D’Alton, or, of Alton, a place in England. s you may already know from Edward MacLysaght's work on Irish Families, the Norman name "de Lucy", originating from the town of Luce in the Orne region of Normandy, France, was prominent in Ireland in the fourteenth century; for Anthony de Lucy was Justiciar in 1332. According to Christopher Daniell, in From Norman Conquest to Magna Carta, 1140 marked what might be the first recorded use of a modern surname, inherited by multiple generations. Some family names contain clues as to their origin, like English surnames of Norman Origin. DNA map of Ireland reveals the Irish have Viking and Norman ancestry and are far more genetically diverse than previously thought. ” 2. Passed down through the years, this surname has quite a few variants and though it has spread all over the island, it remains most common in counties Dublin and Meath. . The Norman Butler’s have a long association with the province of Munster, the first Baron Butler, and the first Chief Butler of Ireland built the Abbey of Owney near the village of Murroe in Limerick (Roche, 1995, p. The original Ó ( pron . Monuments from this period include Town Walls, cathedrals, churches, Norman castles, motte and bailey castles, ringworks, abbeys & friaries. Find three Polish surnames present in Ireland. The surnames brought into Ireland by the Anglo-Normans were of four kinds:— 1. Butler—in c. ”. Down and Co. Armagh. , and before the great infusion of Anglo-Norman names, Irish names developed a On occasion, the Norman buildings were inside even older structures - such as the Norman Castle inside the Roman Fort at Portchester (Shown). Occupational name derived from Norman French butiller "wine steward", ultimately from Late Latin butticula "bottle". The surname first emerges in the latter part of the 12th Century, (see below). meaning “counsel” and wald. Surname - Early County Origin - Other Origins and Forms Archbold - Wicklow - Anglo-Norman Archdeacon - Kilkenny - Norman, le Ercedekne, later Mac Ó Oda Archer - Dublin, Kilkenny - Norman, le Archer Irish Medieval History November 21, 2016 · Norman surnames in Ireland - despite the common misconception, the Normans were not English and Norman surnames provide us with ample evidence to dispel this common myth. Norman Bailey (musician) (1913–1984), American musician with the Lawrence Welk orchestra Norman Bailey (government official) (born 1931), senior staffer of the US National Security Council Norman Bailey (bass-baritone) (born 1933), British opera singer Ireland is a city break, adventure holiday and detoxing retreat all wrapped up in an epic road trip. “Irish” will do. It is equivalent to the Anglo-Norman and Hiberno-Norman Fitz and the Welsh Ap (formerly Map ). The lowland Scots are the major source of such Ulster names as Johnson, Armstrong, Irvine and Nixon. In the beginning of the 14th century, this branch settled in Logan is a famous Scottish surname and confusingly has origins in both Scotland and Ireland; and in both countries may have Norman roots. The extent of the Norman impact on Ireland can be recognised in surnames which became established. They were living in Ireland at the time of the Reformation, and with some exceptions, they remained Catholic. Sacheverell "Roebuck leap. The second most common set of Irish surnames are those of Norman, Welsh-Norman or Anglo-Norman origin. Pages, 73 to 76, borrowed from IRISH FAMILIES, Edward MacLysaght, 1972 …“O'CARROLL, MACCARROLL, MacCarvill. In 1840 there were 64 Norman families living in Tennessee. Surnames today: There are many different origins for Irish names today but the vast majority can be broken down into either of three categories: Gaelic Irish, Cambro-Norman, and finally Anglo-Irish. One of The two greatest families which came to Ireland as a result of the Anglo-Norman invasion. The name Ley may be Norman or Saxon, and the Normans had tenants in Ireland whose surnames indicate origins in the area around the Bristol channel, that is, south Wales, and Devon and Cornwall. In this work, the Wall family — originally of Anglo-Norman stock — is traced from a fief in Normandy through England and South Wales to Ireland. Beginning in the time of Brian Boru, 1000 A. The Irish surnames Costello, Costelloe, and Costellow are anglicized forms of the Gaelic surname Mac Oisdealbhaigh, itself a Gaelicized form of an Anglo-Norman name. 5. The name Reynolds was a Norman import to England, from Reginald or in. 377 pages. ruadhbutler. In other cases the link is not quite as clear, so that the name Tobin, which is Toíbín in Irish, is a mispronunciation of “de St. surname Lynch (originally de bench) was gaelicised to Linseach and later anglicized to Lynch. More than 4,000 Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed in this book, giving a wealth of information The Cambro-Norman Invasion, the origins of the surname – Walsh. In England, it ranks highest in Cambridgeshire, Bedfordshire, Hungtingdonshire, and Somerset. Michael Dolley, Anglo-Norman Ireland, c1100-1318 (Dublin: Gill and MacMillan, 1972). Individual surnames came into use around the 10th century, and by the end of the 12th century, they were universal among Irish families. Just mix and match for your perfect holiday. The practise of forming surnames with Ua· or þ· had ceased before the Cambro-Norman invasion. Fitzmaurice; Mac Giobúin, angl. GAINES English , Norman , Welsh English (of Norman origin): nickname for a crafty or ingenious person, from a reduced form of Old French engaine ‘ingenuity’, ‘trickery’ (Latin ingenium ‘native wit’). Norman & Anglo-Norman Surnames. Introduction. “An indication of the power of the Lynch family in Galway can be seen from the fact that there were 84 Lynch mayors in the period 1485 to 1654. even before the Norman conquest, and . (Robert Edwin), Sir, 1845-1926; Ireland. The surname is strongly associated with counties Laois and Kilkenny in the eastern Many people agree that the basic surname means “eye,” but they do not agree whether the rest of the name means “one-eyed,” “hawk-eyed,” “black-eyed,” or something else. Please review the privacy policy at the bottom of this page. Another surname of Anglo-Norman origin, it was introduced to Ireland during the Anglo-Norman invasion of the 12th century. The Annals are full of such designations. However, Mhic: One of the most common surnames in Ireland and particularly so in Munster. Mac Gearailt, angl. . VISIT OUR HOME PAGE - Family-crests. Terence Doolley, The Decline of the Big House in Ireland: A Study of Irish Landed Families, 1860-1960 (Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 2001). The surname de bench may be derived from the city of Linz in Austria. g. MacLaughlin, Gallagher…. Prior to the Gaelic resurgence, at the end of the last century, under the influence of the Gaelic League, and later of the Rising of 1916. . In the 17th century, the name O’Laighin started to become Lyons or the other variations we know today. The Anglo-Normans brought a new stock of surnames such as Burke, Cruise, Dillon, Nagle, and Roche that are now considered as essentially Irish. The Surnames of Ireland is a detailed and compact guide giving a wealth of information on the background of family names. Unlike the Irish, the Norman French did not have surnames at the time when they invaded England in 1066. Edward MacLysaght was a leading authority on Irish names and family history. Edward MacLysaght was a leading authority on Irish names and family history. The Dillons came to Ireland at the time of the Cambro-Norman invasion, and were granted land in Westmeath and Annaly by King John, known in later times as Dillon’s Country, they became barons of Kilkenny West. The name Walsh is one of the most common of the Norman associated names found in Ireland. . " Sacheverell and Sachie are not in the Top 2000. The Normans (from northern France) had taken over English government only 100 years before. NUGENT SURNAME HISTORY by Marian Keaney. com INTRODUCTION There are approximately 5000 surnames associated with medieval Ireland. The subject of Irish surnames is a complex one, largely because Irish history itself has been complex, marked by successive influxes of "foreigners"--from Vikings to Anglo-Normans, from "Old English" (Catholics) to Protestant English and Lowland Scots, with further leavening by gallowglasses (Scots mercenaries), Welsh, French Huguenots (Protestants), Palatine Germans and others. Kelley…. O’Sullivan — ( Ó Súileabháin or Ó Súilleabháin In the 12th and 13th centuries when the lowland Scots began adopting surnames after the Norman habit of using placenames, persons from Coulter became known as "John from/of Coulter. The number of Norman lords in Ireland was small, and the native Irish would have had no heraldry of their own. It had two main divisions, Desmond (of whom are the holders of the ancient titles Knight of Kerry and Knight of Glin); and Kildare, whose leaders held almost regal sway up to the time of the Rebellion of Silken Thomas and the execution by Henry V111 of Thomas and his near relatives in 1537. These surnames are examples of Welsh or English names which ‘Gaelicised’ in Ireland following the Norman Conquest of Britain. The senior member of the Brownlees migrated to New Zealand in 1886. The best popular account of Norman surnames in Ireland that I know of is by my colleague in Accredited Genealogists Ireland, Dr Paul McCotter MAGI, available online at goo. Others surnames originate amongst the various peoples who settled in Ireland such as the Vikings, Normans (invaded in 1171), Scots (Plantation of Ulster, 1611) and English (Cromwellian Settlement, 1650s). d'Aubyn). George Warde Norman, (1793 - 1882), a respected writer on finance, who was director of the Bank of England from 1821 In Norman Ireland, a tower house fulfilled many functions. Still, the names are kept as close as possible to the original name. Adoption of Evelin and variants was common a century ago. At least, in the Irish case. g. Surname variations also resulted from an Irish form of patronymics that used the prefixes "Mac, meaning son of, and "O," meaning grandson of. McLaughlin…. . Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. Just mix and match for your perfect holiday. The most prominent Anglo-Norman family with extensive Westmeath connections is undoubtedly that of Nugent. Early times: In ancient Ireland the population was much smaller than today and the mass movement of people was uncommon. O’Brien is said to be a lucky surname and comes from the Gaelic ó Briain. Register General Mac, Scottish and Irish Gaelic surname prefix meaning “son. First identified in Connaught, it is now numerous in all the provinces (least in Ulster). all stemming from the forenames of prominent de Burgos, and all following precisely the Gaelic Irish tradition. Some of these surnames have changed considerably since they first appeared, with essentially all Gaelic-Irish The Irish Norman Surnames of Your Herita Where you Irish surname came from and how it was originated - read in our blog post from A Letter From Ireland. The name also appears earlier in the Gormanston Register, at Carlingford in 1305. Many descendants of Anglo-Norman invaders, who became assimilated into the Irish culture, also used patronymics but substituted "Fitz" (as in Fitzgerald) for the prefix "Mac. Our Clan map of Ireland shows the locations of over thirteen hundred Irish clans and families, some of which have been in use since the early medieval period. The names Burke and Bourke (variant spelling) were introduced to Ireland in the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1169 and 1170. Dublin and Waterford. ”. . The Irish surname Power is of Norman ie French origin, and was brought to Ireland with the Anglo-Norman invasion of the late 12th century, an event that led to 800 years of rule of the island by its bigger neighbour. 3. Unlike the Irish, the Anglo- Normans had an affinity for local surnames. The Vikings left many placenames in Ireland including: Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Waterford, Wexford, Strangford, Leixlip, Carlingford, Youghal, Howth, Dalkey and Fingall [an area of modern-day Dublin]. Other occupations from which surnames were derived include Marshall and possibly Ussher. This was about 13% of all the recorded Norman's in the USA. Last name meaning Purcell: This interesting surname is widespread in both Ireland and England and is of Norman descent, a metonymic occupational name for a swineherd, deriving from the Old French "pourcel" meaning piglet Irish surnames in 12th Century-Anglo Normans. g. Likewise, the surname Martin—which is widespread in Ireland as well as in England and Scotland—is in Ireland linked with this Galway Anglo-Norman family , the old Gaelic family name Gilmartin, as well as the MacMartins in Tyrone and the ó Martins of Westmeath. Those surnames can be of Irish, Viking, Norman, English, Welsh, and Scots origin. I have followed the author of the book in my capitalization and alphabetization of the surnames; I am not certain that it follows 16th century Norman practice. Eirik Bloodaxe, Map of distribution of name GOLIGHTLY - a messenger? Gibbons surname history Burke, along with its variants Bourke and de Burgh, is now by far the most common Irish name of Norman origin; it is estimated that over 20,000 individuals now bear the surname in Ireland, a figure that probably represents only a fraction of the world-wide total. The Ó prefix (lit. Such names as Butler, Power, Wallace, Durand, Nugent and all those beginning in Fitz-, e. He was born in Ireland at the start of the 10th century and became as king of Connacht one of thestrongest tribal chiefs in western Ireland and also a prominent leader in the whole of the country. Over the centuries, Ireland has attracted people from various cultures, all of which have left their mark on the landscape of Irish surnames. Murphy — The Anglicized version of the Irish surname Ó Murchadha and Mac Murchadha, meaning “sea warrior. Details: It wasn't until after the Norman Conquest in 1066 that the English began to use last names. . based on a Norman place Norman Bailey (musician) (1913–1984), American musician with the Lawrence Welk orchestra Norman Bailey (government official) (born 1931), senior staffer of the US National Security Council Norman Bailey (bass-baritone) (born 1933), British opera singer Ireland is a city break, adventure holiday and detoxing retreat all wrapped up in an epic road trip. Some names are clearly Norman in origin, such as Molyneux, which is found in Kerry, and Devereux, which in Wexford, where it is common, is pronounced Devericks. Origination of the Surname de Freynes. It originates from John Carew , an athlete from Sierra Leone who had a family in Russia including the actor Olah Keru, the singer Willy Keyru and international basketball players Victor and Katerina Keyru . It is the 4th most common name in Ireland. Tipperary the family were forced into the south-west by the Norman invasion. Matheson, 1909. Champernon / Champernowne; variants include Cambernon, Campo Arnulfi, Champernoun, Champnon, Chamborne (inter alia). The name is usually pronounced 'Welsh; in Munster and Connacht. One of the first knightly families to occupy Irish lands after the Norman invasion of 1170, their history is followed, generation by generation, through the succeeding eight centuries. English last names come from a variety of sources, including places, nicknames, estate names, occupations and physical attributes. Secondly, the name may be of French locational origins from the village of Josse sur Mer, in Calvados, Normandy, and this latter may account for Sir John de Joce, recorded at the 1308 Sep 8, 2016 - Percentage of the population with Norman surnames in Ireland. Charles-Edwards, Welsh and Irish kinship (Oxford 1993), 112 History of English surnames • Before Norman conquest in 1066 nobody possessed a surname and people were called by first name in Old English or Norse with occasional nicknames. Tennessee had the highest population of Norman families in 1840. hint: Google ‘Polish surnames’, pick a few (e. Descriptive. Kellie, Harte…. g. Irish surnames beginning with “Fitz” are also Norman. Another common trait of the Normans, was their love of Hunting. Most of the people listed in the book have a single given name and a single surname, but one woman and a few men have two given names, and a few men appear to have two surnames. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Thus, for example, in the thirteenth century the descendants of Piers de Birmingham were calling themselves Mac Fheorais (son of Piers), which was later anglicised as Corish, a well-known name in Wexford. " Also termed as at the knoll or summit. These arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries from Britain and France as part of a colonial settlement. More than 4,000 Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed in this book, giving a wealth of information on the background and location of Irish families. Welcome to Ros Davies' Co. Children of Richard Norman and Florence are: John Norman (1607-1672); Elizabeth Norman (1611-1613); Margaret Norman (1615-1694); Susanna Norman (1617-????); Florence Norman (1619-1672); Richard Norman (1623-1683). An Anglicized version of the Irish name Ó Ceallaigh, it can 3. Saxon surnames were given hastily and arbitrarily, often based on - say - the name of the oldest male ("-son The Geography of surnames web site is devoted to the study of English, Scottish and Irish surnames. Codd : The Codd family probably arrived in Ireland after the Norman invasion in 1169. Although the conquest of the Normans was short lived in Ireland, approx 200 years, their occupation had a huge influence in Ireland some of which is still evident to this day. A Norman-sounding surname does not even necessarily imply that the surname was originally Norman (or English) at all. 27 refs. When the Anglo- Normans began to settle in Ireland, they brought the tradition of local surnames to an island which already had a Gaelic naming system of hereditary surnames established. 1. 6. Other early recordings include: John le Norman, (Warwickshire, 1221); Robert Northman, (Oxfordshire, 1279) and John Normand, (Roxburghshire, 1303). Although many came from England, many other barons came to Ireland from France. It reveals lasting contributions from British, Scandinavian and In Irish the name is usually written de Bhulbh, but le would be more fitting than de since the Norman form is Le Woulf (the wolf). The first of the major invasions of Ireland in historical times (1169-1172) resulted in the formation of a new set of surnames belonging to the Norman families which in due course became 'Hiberniores Hibernicis ipsis' (more Irish than the Irish themselves). from) is unique to Ireland and quite a few O’ surnames such as O’Brien, O’Sullivan, O’Connor, and O’Neill rank among the Irish top ten. The kingdom of Uí Chennselaig was the focus of initial Anglo-Norman activity and settlers were attracted from England and Wales by offers of land and increased social status. By 876 AD, the Viking “threat” was well established over much of Europe. The name arrived in Ireland in the 12 th century, when Theobald Fitzwalter was appointed Chief Butler of Ireland under Henry II. ” It’s derived from Breathnach or Surnames in Ireland, Wales and Scotland have different histories and I will look at them another time. Welcome to the Barry Surname Project. More than 4,000 Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed in this book, giving a wealth of information on the background and location of Irish families. It reveals some fascinating information; potentially 2 distinct Gaelic Irish Henry Clans, at least 3 clusters of Norman Henry/Fitzhenrys, in addition to classical pattern of Planter-Henry settlement and what could be a distinct pre-plantation settlement of Scots Highlander McHenrys! An example is a branch of the Nugent (from Norman ‘de Nogent’) family which ‘genetically’ is O’Reilly, as in the early 1800’s Sir Hugh O’Reilly on the death of his maternal uncle John Nugent, assumed by Royal licence the surname of Nugent. . Here is Paul Mc Cotter’s series of articles : Do you have any Anglo Norman surnames in your Irish Family Tree? Then join us now as we talk about some of these Irish surnames and follow the Norman trail all the way back to Ireland. This name is of Anglo-Norman descent spreading to Ireland , Scotland and Wales in early times and is found in many mediaeval manuscripts in these countries. Norman and Cambro-Norman Surnames of Ireland . This book, which was first published in 1957 and now is in its sixth edition, is being reprinted for the fourth time and remains the definitive record of Irish surnames, their genealogy and their origins. Just mix and match for your perfect holiday. earlier root is the Old Norse Rognvaldr, comprised of the elements ragin. See full list on ireland-calling. He apparently joined the military (Enniskillen Dragoons?)and came to Canada in the 1840s. First up: The Name Is McGee – And Don’t Call Me Bobby! I got an email from Mary McGee - she asked: Walsh is a name brought to Ireland by the British during the Norman invasion of Ireland and translates to “Briton” or “Welshman” or even “Foreigner”. Norman Surname Y-DNA Project - Y-DNA Classic Chart For genealogy within the most recent fifteen generations, STR markers help define paternal lineages. Also the religious affiliation of Norman surnames is predominantly Catholic (but often below 90% in 1911). Special report on surnames in Ireland, with notes as to numerical strength, derivation, ethnology, and distribution; based on information extracted from the indexes of the General register office by Matheson, Robert E. These are Gaelic surnames, denoting members of the original Irish population whom we now know, from DNA studies, to have arrived on the island 9,000 years ago. Louth as far back as the 14th century. It was introduced to Ireland when the Anglo-Normans invaded in the 1170s. These are generally found in the forms 'Gil-' or 'Mul-' in modern Irish surnames. Therefore, historians variously use the terms "Cambro- Norman", "Anglo- Norman", "Anglo- French" or simply "Norman". Just as the latter has become initial P, as in the modern names Price or Pritchard, Mac has in some names become initial C and even K —e. How many variant spellings of Lenihan are Popular names of the medieval elite who were descended from Norman families include Balliol, Baskerville, Bruce, Darcy, Glanville, Lacy, Mandeville, and Venables. The Irish Barry family is commonly considered to be of Anglo-Norman origin, having arrived in Ireland with the 12 th century Norman-Welsh invasion, although recent scholarship indicates that the family probably originated in Flanders. . While this may not be something that is celebrated as such, is did change the course of Irish history. “Hiberno-Norman” is too grudging. 2. Gowan, The Cambro-Norman Pembrokeshire Carew arms are 'Or, three lioncels passant, sable'. g. Many books of heraldry were primarily vanity publications, taking advantage of the customer's egotistic desire to belong to a lineage of distinction. It was the land owning family’s fortification , as well as residence , it housed animals and grain storage and was a hub or head quarters for their family and for managing their estate . Defensive sites began as motte & baileys however these developed into the great Anglo-Norman castles of which many still remain. O’ is much more common in the South of Ireland, Mac and Mc are widespread throughout, Fitz (indicating a Norman French ancestor in Ireland) indicating son of…. Descended from Brian Boru, the celebrated High King of Ireland, the O’Briens are one of Ireland’s most aristocratic families. The Giles family name, also spelled Gyles and Jiles, is derived from the 7 th century provincial hermit, St. Certain surnames identify Irish Catholic ancestry, but don't establish a dominant genealogy. The picturesque ruined castle of Loughmoe, the seat of the head of the family, is a well known landmark near Thurles in Co This surname and its many variants came from two entirely different clans in ancient Ireland. In some cases, a coat of arms literally represents a surname - a lion for Leone or an olive tree for Oliviero. I am looking for any information on my great great grandfather, William Rogers who was born in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh Ireland in 1823. 1185 Theobald Walter was appointed ‘Butler of Ireland’. The Coffey Surname in Ireland www. ‘Adamczak’) and Google for that name in Ireland (‘Adamczak in Ireland’). Heraldry also comes into play here. Walsh is a common Irish surname, meaning "Briton" or "foreigner", and was taken to Ireland by soldiers from Britain, namely Welsh, Cornish and Cumbrian soldiers during and after the Norman invasion Germanic tribal migrations, especially Norman achievement and influence, spread those that would take the Bishop surname to many parts of the Western world. Anglo-Norman Names, from a Special Report on Surnames in Ireland, by Robert E. DALTON: Though this name is not Irish in origin, it is on record in Dublin and Meath as early as the beginning of the thirteenth century, the family having been established in Ireland following the Anglo-Norman invasion. A few of their words were also adopted into the Irish language. The first bearer of the surname to arrive in Ireland was Robert de Barri, one of the original band of Norman Knights who landed at Bannow in Co. By contrast, the Norman names anglicised with Fitz- (cf. A well-known example would be the Irish surname Fitzpatrick: the original Fitzpatricks were actually Mac Giolla Phádraig . The Scots are a diverse bunch and many Scottish surnames reveal the origin of the bearer , Galloway reveals the surname 'Ireland'' (red arrow; surnames of Galloway image). More than 4,000 Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed in this book, giving a wealth of information on the background and location of Irish families. Irish Surname - Burke or Bourke This Norman name originated from the borough of Caen in Normandy (de burg means "of the borough"). William, Duke of Normandy, successfully invaded England in 1066, and this invasion left a lasting legacy in the English language, in general, and in surnames, in particular. com The surname also has origins from the Norman official title, the frank which also means free. The Anglo-Norman invasion of the twelfth century was the surname origin of Irish last names such as Cruise, Dillon, Nugent, Power and Roche, which have become 'exclusively Irish' over the centuries. " Usage of Normando and variants grew during 1930-1939 and has become less. Initially, the identifying names were changed or dropped at will, but eventually they began to The insistence on surnames was one of the cultural results of the Norman conquest. Experts say surnames can give an indication of a possible Viking heritage in your family, with surnames ending in 'son' or 'sen' likely to be a big sign. Archbold - Wicklow - Anglo-Norman Archdeacon - Kilkenny - Norman, le Ercedekne, later Mac Ó Oda Archer - Dublin, Kilkenny - Norman, le Archer Athy - Kildare, Galway - Norman (Cambro, Anglo?) O’Brien is one of many Irish surnames in this guide that has a strong link to royalty. The early Viking/Norman/French surname of Cnolle. Families of Co. “Hiberno-Norman” is little grudging. Gallaher…. "O" means grandson and "Mc" means son. com/Ireland was the first foreign shore where English adventurers landed with the aim of conquest in the mid-12th Norman Bailey (musician) (1913–1984), American musician with the Lawrence Welk orchestra Norman Bailey (government official) (born 1931), senior staffer of the US National Security Council Norman Bailey (bass-baritone) (born 1933), British opera singer Anglo Norman Families in Ireland The Anglo Norman invasions of the 12th century brought many new families to Ireland. For centuries, even through the Norman invasion, Irish last names defined clans and septs (smaller groups within clans). It is a tale of knights, war, love, violence, bloodshed and political manoeuvring. gl/YMdDBg. . You can listen to the show on your computer/smartphone by clicking on the play button above (the triangle with the circle around it). The same happens in the case of Norman , which as you can corroborate, it can be said that it is a surname that can be found in most of the countries of the world. The Table shown here gives a listing of the 100 most commonly names found in Ireland and their meanings. 211). . Up to this point, Ireland had seen recurrent conflict between provincial kingdoms who strived for High King status and the arrival of the Normans would The name may be of Norman origin or as a variation of the name Eoforheard. The Norman conquest of Ireland commenced in 1169, the immediate aftermath saw Ireland under a rotation of control by Anglo Norman lords and the King of England with challenge from the Irish. In Leinster Dillon derived from the Norman family of de Leon (meaning either “of Lyon” or “of the lion”). In addition to such Cambro-Norman lords, some of Ireland's most prominent families, including Walsh…, were indigenous Welsh families who came with the Norman invasion. Wild Atlantic Way. After the Fitzgerald we go to the Fitzsimons clan. Other norman names begin with Fitz (from the Norman for son) include Fitzgerald, Fitzgibbon and Fitzmaurice. For example FitzGerald, FitzMaurice, Power and Prendergast. Emigration, Irish Charts. Wild Atlantic Way. Surname prefixes Bean: "Wife", pronounced [bæn̺]. In Northern Ireland, English and Scottish names, derived from the Gaelic, can also be found. A list of some of the surnames that are prevalent throughout County Wexford in the Republic of Ireland. The surname Brownlee emerged as a notable Scottish family name in the county of Lincoln in Belton. The. “Hiberno-Norman” is too grudging. The most Norman families were found in the UK in 1891. ” The invasion of Anglo-Normans in Ireland was a turning point in Irish history and is considered an important era. It wasn’t until British colonization that last names were changed to sound more Anglican and to disrupt the Gaelic way of life. The name develops and spreads. These surnames all have their rightful place in Irish History, but do not have the Gaelic name origins needed for this list. Some took on Irish names. Those surnames with an asterisk are listed in ‘The Surnames of Ireland’ Edward MacLysaght, sixth edition (1997), published by the Irish Academic Press, ISBN 0-7165-2364-7. "The name carries us to the gently rising slopes in thewoods, grassy and free of timber, the old form of Knowles being de la Cnollewhich means of the hill. The most Norman families were found in the UK in 1891. . Fitzpatrick, Fitzgibbon, testify to the strength of the Normans in Ireland long after such events as the loss of Normandy to England in 1204. This list excludes some of the notable Irish names with Norman and Welsh origins such as Burke, Butler, FitzGerald, Power, Walsh, etc. There is an old Irish saying: “All the Dillons descended from Henry de Leon. More than four thousand Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed in this book. More than 4,000 Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed. Hart…. Its origins are not certain. 4. The De Burgo (Burke, de Burgh) name is one of the most important and most numerous of Hiberno-Norman names. The name appears in the top 250 most popular surnames in America. Donegal Ireland: From the Earliest Times to the 20th Century : Irish Family Surnames with Locations & Origins Including English, Scots, & Anglo Norman Settlers and Settlements - Ebook written by Michael C. Evidence of their presence survives also in Norman surnames, such as Burke (originally De Burgo), Butler, Cantwell, Lynch, Richardson, Tyrell, Taaffe, Dillon, Hussey, Fitzpatrick, Fitzsimons, Fitzwilliam, Fitzmaurice, Tobin, Molyneux, Devereux and many more. More than 4,000 Gaelic, Norman and Anglo-Irish surnames are listed in this book, giving a wealth of information on the background and location of Irish families. The Woulfes of West Limerick and North Kerry descend from the Anglo-Norman le Lou family of West Limerick , while those of Cork are descended from 17th century English settlers. 5. Rooted in a Norman word meaning “wine steward,” Butler came to denote the top servant of a household. In addition to such Cambro-Norman lords, some of Ireland's most common names, including Walsh and Griffith, came from indigenous Welsh families who came with the Norman invasion. *** #Ireland #Irish #Norman #family #genealogy #ancestry #heritage Meaning, Origin, and Miscellaneous information: The name was originally Breatnach, meaning 'from Wales', which arrived in Ireland with the Norman invaders. Eyles is an English place name from Anglo-Norman-French isle, idle = island, from Old French isel and Latin insula. Norman Coat of Arms, Family Crest - Free Image to View - Norman Name Origin History and Meaning of Symbols Single Family Crest Plaque (10*7 inch) Find Your Name These Norman surnames seemed strange to Irish people at the time as most Irish names began with O (which meant 'from the family of') and Mac (which meant 'son of'). Most Irish surnames belong to this category. hint: Google ‘Irish Viking surnames’ 4. For some Viking surnames one does see it clustering to areas where there are Viking towns: Wexford, Waterford, Cork, and Limerick (plus of course Dublin). british surnames list a z . The Norman name means “from the alder grove”, and the Gaelic comes from the words “dubh”, meaning black, and “slán”, meaning defiant. The Norman family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. It is believed that the Cambro were Norman knights who settled in southern Wales after the Norman conquest of England in 1066. Guest Author Site: https://www. There is no such thing as a Viking surname. A great way to see if you have any Norman descendants in your class! Twinkl » Twinkl Ireland resources » English Medium Schools » 3rd/4th Class » SESE » History » Early People and Ancient Societies » The Normans Ferghal O Ruairc was the first to use the name as part of a hereditary surname and the first of any king in the country to be called O Ruairc. D. Phelan is an Irish surname, one of the two most common anglicisations (the other being Whelan) of the Irish surname Ó Faoláin (which comes from the Irish for "wolf"). These lines of the surname French are descended from Theophilus de French, who arrived with Strongbow in England in 1066 with William the Conqueror. A surname of Norman origin formed from an old Teutonic personal name Dill, according to Woulfe. Aegidius, whose name was then adopted as the French surname, Gili and Gile. de Bari – became “de Barra” and eventually “Barry”. In addition to the construction of new forest blocks across the Country, the Normans established lots of new laws. . Other Ireland Notes on the Surname French. In Scotland, it ranks highest in Kinross-shire. com Norman naming conventions were typically the same as many Irish and English naming conventions – only using the French language: “Son of” – “Fils de” in French – became “Fitz” e. Aubyn”, which is obviously French. Norman surnames in Ireland - despite the common misconception, the Normans were not English and Norman surnames provide us with ample evidence to dispel this common myth. The upshot is that almost all so-called Norman surnames were created and adopted only in Ireland. . This surname has been mainly borne by a notable Irish family who claimed descent from Jocelyn de Angulo, an Anglo-Norman mercenary who accompanied Richard de Clare to Ireland in 1170 during the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland . Recorded as de Logan, O' Logan, Logan, and Lagan, this famous Gaelic surname is confusingly both Scottish and Irish, and in both countries may also have a Norman origin! It is generally considered in Ireland to derive from the Gaelic O'Leoghain, translating as 'the son of the descendant of the Warrior', and this is probably so with many nameholders. A link to the Norman and Cambro-Norman surnames is listed below. g. Local. It was usual therefore for a person to be known only by one name: Niall, Eoin, Art, etc. This name means ‘descendent of a devotee of S The same phenomenon occurred in Norman England, which is why many of the knights and lords mentioned in Doomsday Book bear what sound like Saxon surnames. Many Irish names have an "O" or "Mc" prefix. Re: Norman Surnames « Reply #5 on: Friday 03 March 06 14:54 GMT (UK) » We know the Laybournes were in England before Huguenot times, because they were landed gentry and there is a monument in Nafferton church showing George Laybourne as being born in 1521. Irish Norman Surnames Roche, Barry, Fitzgerald . This interesting surname is widespread in both Ireland and England and is of Norman descent, a metonymic occupational name for a swineherd, deriving from the Old French "pourcel" meaning piglet. But by the 15th century, nearly every family had one. The best popular account of Norman surnames in Ireland is by Dr Paul McCotter, available online at goo. Wexford in May 1169. The Eustace name came to this England as a Norman Christian name about the time of the Conquest during the 11 th Century. One of the most notable person with the Murphy Surname was Dermot MacMurrough who invited the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1170 trying to regain His Land and Title. Y-DNA STR markers change (mutate) often enough that most men who share the same STR results also share a recent paternal lineage. What is an Irish Surname? First of all, we have the question “What exactly is an Irish surname?” Is it a name which originated in Ireland and was only ever found in Ireland? Is it a name as gaeilge (through Irish)? Is it a name which was brought in to Ireland with the Normans? Or does that remain a name of Norman origin, which is found in The De Burgo family, who acquired most of Connacht for themselves, spun off dozens of modern names: (Mc)Davey, (Mc)Davitt, (Mc)Doak, (Mc)Nicholas (Mc)Philbin, McRedmond . Heart, McGowan…. Some Carroll Surname History. 4. Those Anglo/Norman surnames such as Burke, Fitzpatrick, Fitzgerald, Power, Prendergast, Walsh, including the family name Lynch became the backbone of southern Irish society. It gives a wealth of information on historical background and location of the Irish and Hiberno-Norman septs and families, with dates and places of settlement of the Anglo-Irish. 37: Niall: Néall: Gaelic: 'cloud', Niall of the nine Hostages, founder of the O'Neill Gaelic dynasty, Scottish form is Neil: 38: Ben: Beircheart: From Benjamin, Hebrew: ' southerner' 39: Paul: Pól Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. Wild Atlantic Way. Irish Surnames: A to Z This list can by no means be considered comprehensive. Ireland The Norman surname is ultimately derived from the Scandinavian word "noromenn," meaning "men from the north. Jewellery, gifts and souvenirs are on sale at the Power shop in Arklow, Co Wexford. Walsh — This name came to Ireland via British soldiers during the Norman invasion of Ireland and means “from Wales. Originally Norman (from Normandy, France), the name was de Freynes for De Ffreygne or De Frignes (pronounced in the Norman tongue de Freen) from Latin fraxinus meaning an ash tree. The name comes from Welsh, which simply means Welshman, and its early Norman form was “Le Waleys. In William Petty's 1659 'Census', in the list of 'Principal Irish Names' there are 11 families of McJohn in Barrymore Barony Co Cork. g. Fitz is the equivalent of the Gaelic “Mac” meaning “son of. Brannon…. . Surname - Early County Origin - Other Origins and Forms . The land in Norman surnames in Ireland Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan , progenitor of the Irish FitzGerald dynasty , from a manuscript of the Expugnatio Hibernica, an account of the 1169 invasion of Ireland written by Maurice's nephew, Gerald of Wales , in 1189. The estates evolved to Sir William Brownlow of Humby, and the line continued to Lord Lurgan at Brownlow, and in Ireland they became the Viscounts Tirconnell. Gallaghar, Kelly…. William Rogers b. French fils, ‘son’) have been translated into Irish with Mac, e. Over the century later, the Norman version of the name travelled to Ireland during the invasions of 1169 and 1171. A rare English surname first recorded in Ireland in the 12th century and associated with Cos. This was about 18% of all the recorded Norman's in the UK. Fitz Gerald. " It came to Britain with pre-Conquest Scandinavian settlers, and became a personal name among the Saxons. We attended the same classes in school, played for the same teams and shared a lot of growing The Norman Homeland. Norman descendants today can be recognised by their surnames such as Condon, Bermingham, French, Butler, Barry, Power, Prendergast, Barrett, Plunkett, Roche, Burke, D’Arcy and Cogan. Irish shores in the 10th century. Today variations of the surname Bishop can be found in many countries, with most or all of these variations existing in the United States of America: Belgium: de Bischop, Bischop, Bischope Irish Surnames is a digital online map chosen by Esri cartographers to be featured in Maps We Love. Other prominent Anglo-Norman surnames include de Paor (Power), de Búitléir (Butler), de Búrca (Bourke/Burke) and de Léis (Lacey). The Nugents originated in Normandy, accompanied William the Conqueror to England and fought at the Battle of Hastings. During the 1600s and 1700s, when Irish names were discouraged, some Irish families adopted English surnames. A Changing Libraries Initiative - This site and all content is made available under respective copyrights. Brian Boru, High King of Ireland 1014 ad, Bryan and Bryant are variants. The surname Norman was first found in Argyllshire (Gaelic erra Ghaidheal), the region of western Scotland corresponding roughly with the ancient Kingdom of Dál Riata, in the Strathclyde region of Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Argyll and Bute, where they were granted lands by King David of Scotland. T. Origins of the Surname. The map explore popular surnames based on the 1890 Irish Census. com. Dillon is a surname in Ireland of Norman or Irish origins. This simple word mat features key Irish surnames that can be traced back to Norman times. Origination of the Surnames ffrench and de Freynes. " For example, the first recorded Coulter was "Richardus de Coulter" or "Richard of Coulter," thus "Richard Coulter," in 1226. . McHale (Mac Haol), Hosty (Mac Oiste), Merrick (a bearer named Oidsi Mac Mhebric is listed in the Annals of Ulster in AD 1272) and Meyler (Mac Maoilir) all contain a Welsh personal name, but have received the Irish prefix mac ‘son of’. of Norman "Northerner. The upshot is that almost all so-called Norman surnames were created and adopted only in Ireland. Surnames will be examined from a geographic perspective, focusing on their distribution, patterns and origins. In 'The Henry Surname in Ireland Report' I have plotted precisely where all the Henry, McHenry, and Fitzhenry farmers were found in 1911 (Catholic and Protestant heads of household). Edward MacLysaght was a leading authority on Irish names and family history. London had the highest population of Norman families in 1891. Examples will be drawn from areas as diverse as Cornwall, Wales, the Borders of Scotland and Ulster. A famous bearer of this surname is the fictional character Rhett Butler, created by Margaret Mitchell for her novel Gone with the Wind (1936). Even the surnames are written in the French form. They are Irish surnames. Norman Bailey (musician) (1913–1984), American musician with the Lawrence Welk orchestra Norman Bailey (government official) (born 1931), senior staffer of the US National Security Council Norman Bailey (bass-baritone) (born 1933), British opera singer Ireland is a city break, adventure holiday and detoxing retreat all wrapped up in an epic road trip. The continuing Anglo-Norman presence in modern Ireland is evidenced by the prominence of their surnames including those of Burke, Fitzgerald, Power, Barry, The Norman family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. True hereditary surnames were only introduced in Scandinavia in the late 18th century, more than 700 years after the heyday of Viking expansion. The surname came into Ireland first after the Camro-Norman invasion; this was reinforced in the 16th and 17th centuries with British 'settlers'. Fitzgerald; Mac Muiris, angl. The Giles name was brought to England with the Norman Invasions and first appeared in the Doomsday book, as Gilo is 1086. Originated in Co. Origin of the Eustace Surnames. Then there are Irish surnames of Anglo-Norman origin, amounting to perhaps 7% of the total. Meaning The surname Delaney, and its variations, are the Anglicisation of two different surnames, the Gaelic Ó Dubhshláine, and De l'aunaie of Norman origins. Patronymic. . It is a country rich in history and heritage providing a wide variety of surnames of different ethnic origins, and while it retained classic Irish surnames it also absorbed non-Irish families such as Bermingham, Wall (La Valle) and even Daungier. Old French Reinold. The Irish conquest was an extension of the conquest of Wales - an activity of Norman lords in the marches who were acting more or less independently of the crown. FEB 7, 2021 - It is a little-known fact that, except for ancient Rome, Ireland was the first country to adopt hereditary surnames. After 1066, the Norman barons introduced surnames into England, and the practice gradually spread. At least, in the Irish case. Unlike the Irish, the Norman French did not have surnames at the time when they invaded England in 1066. Brenon, McLoughlin…. BARRY Cork The most common origin of the Barry surname comes from De Barri, a French Norman name which was derived from a small village in Normandy known as La Barre. Woodman Of Norman origin this occupational name was found in Co. ”. Surnames include O'Brien and O'Byrne. 1. The surname Carew has been adopted in Russia as Keyru. Source: The Surnames of Ireland by Edward MacLysaght The surname Giles emerged as a notable family name in the county of Lincoln. The surname Norman frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (301 st), Scotland (753 rd), Wales (207 th), Ireland (1,771 st) and Northern Ireland (2,305 th). Huguenot Families in Ireland Irish surnames have Gaelic and Norman roots. The Norman influence in Ireland lives on in surnames such as Butler, French, Roche, and Burke. irishorigenes. O'Laughlin. Gaelic: 'hill'. Occupative. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. . The first part of the name is derived from the Irish word súil meaning eye, but there is no certainty as to the origins of the second part of the name. " However given the high number of matches to the Norman surname Butler this seems doubtful (Figure 2). These Norman surnames seemed strange to Irish people at the time as most Irish names began with O (which meant 'from the family of') and Mac (which meant 'son of'). Among the most numerous families given in Sligo — remember to check all variant spellings (following the main spellings, however, many more exist): Brennan…. The first recorded mention of the surname is in the mid-13th century England. The first clan was not a ‘Mc’ clan at all, but in fact was originally O’Maoilsheachlann (oh-mway-ill-shock-lynn), which was anglicised as O’Melaghlin until the end of the 17th century. Other Norman families soon arrived in Ireland and many new names were introduced. McCowan…. Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of Ormond (1531-1614) in three-quarter armor holding a wheelock pistol Topics include: the peoples of Ireland (Old Irish, Anglo-Norman,English,Scots,Hugenots,Palatines,Jews and others), the languages of origin of surnames, typology of surnames, anglicization of Irish names, gaelicization of imported names, and an annotated lisiting of refs. Examples of such are a Mathew le Norman, Oxford, who was recorded in the 'Hundred Rolls', England , in the year 1273 and a Lucas Normanus, County Devonshire, who was recorded in the same Today, we’re going to browse the evolution of the surname in Ireland – something I know is close to your heart! Next week we’ll look at Viking, Norman and Planter names – but this week we start with the old Gaelic names. The Irish Purcells are found mainly in Counties Kilkenny and Tipperary. Through a clever marriage to deLacy's daughter, he was granted the Barony of Delvin in County Westmeath, and distributed this large tract of land among his Norman names quickly became Irish names and thus most Americans will be surprised to learn that some quintessentially Irish names were originally 12th century Norman names; thus, Burke (originally de Burgos), FitzGerald (Norman French fitz = French fils, "son"; thus, "Son of Gerald"), Lacy (de Lacy), Nagle (de Angulos), Roche (de la Roche), Tobin (St. Var. As the Normans began to adapt to Irish ways, their surnames underwent the same process of subdivision as already seen in Gaelic surnames. A number of English surnames arose from this Norman original, including Joce, Joass, and Joyce, the latter being far more frequent in Ireland than anywhere else. In early English records we find such notables as Eustace, Count of Boulogne, Eustace de Vesci, Eustace de Burgh and others. The multi-ethnic nature of society in Anglo-Norman controlled Ireland was sometimes reflected in the dedications of late twelfth and early thirteenth-century charters. g. Down, Ireland Research Site, Surname, Place Name, Church, Photo, Map indexes, plus more The Newry, Donaghmore, Loughbrickland, & Banbridge Genealogy Site , This site is dedicated to those with family ties back to the Newry, Donaghmore, Lougbrickland, Banbridge, and surrounding areas in Co. Globalization has meant that surnames spread far beyond their country of origin, so that it is possible to find African surnames in Europe or Indian surnames in Oceania. The Norman patronymic was formed by prefixing Fitz (a corruption of the French "fils," Latin "filius"), denoting "son of," as Fitz-Gerald, Fitz-Gibbon, Fitz-Herbert, Fitz-Simon. De: "of the": a Norman-French habitational prefix used by some of the most common Irish surnames among which are De Mac (also Mc, M c, M'c, and Mic ): for most purposes, taken to mean 'son of', as in Mac Néill, 'son of Neil'. Someone's last name tells you that somewhere along the line there was an Irish Catholic ancestor, but not that the contemporary person with that surname is either Catholic, Protestant or, for that matter, Irish. The ‘de Logan’ family existed in Normandy even before the 1066 invasion by William the Conqueror. In fact, some of the best-known Irish surnames, such as Fitzgerald, Joyce, Walsh, Power, and Burke, come to us from the Normans. Of/From – “de”, “du” or “de la” in French – e. THOUSANDS of people across Britain and Ireland could be descended from the Vikings – and the clue might be in your surname. The ancestor of the family now under consideration went to France to England with William the Conquerer in the person of Theophilus de Ffrench to Ireland. Find three Gaelic Irish surnames. Many Vikings were The Norman Way of Life. It seems to have been the name used by the many different groups of Welsh people who arrived in Ireland with the Normans during the 12th century. The Norman Conquest of Ireland was a cataclysmic event that would shape Ireland’s history and intertwine our history with that of England for approximately the next 800 years. Find three Irish Norman surnames. Oh-fada*) is used when written in Irish and the O' apostrophe can only be applied when written in English. ” But The Normans brought the surname to England when they invaded in 1066. For more on the evolution of surnames and how to interpret them, my recommended reading is George Redmond’s book Surnames and Genealogy: An Introduction available second hand or in good libraries. ” Other Anglo-Norman names indicate occupation, e. , Cody, Costigan, Keegan. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read In the modern era the surname has a wide distribution within Ireland, but is principally found in West Limerick and West Cork. The Norman Conquest of Ireland (12th Century) Gerald of Wales (1146-1223), bishop of noble extraction, in his histories, left an account of the Norman invasion and conquest of Ireland. However, in the areas where R-M222 +ve Gaels settled permanently they acquired new surnames like MacClellan, MacCartney and MacKnight. Gaelic, Anglo Norman and Scandinavian names predominate with later additions of Scottish Welsh, and English surnames. Norman Surnames: Norman surnames show a typical pattern that spreads out from the southeast (Wexford). Is it considered posh in the UK to have a surname of Norman origin? It’s probably true to say that most of the surnames British people consider to be posh are of Norman origin, but that isn’t quite the same thing. , and Ni or Nic means the daughter of… referring to someone as the son or daughter of X So, during this crucial period which coincided with surname development, the Norman influence on surnames, ownership and title in Britain and throughout Europe (by 1072 they'd also beaten up the Fresians, the Germans (Emperor Otto of Germany was a nephew of the Norman King John in 1215) and even their friends and kin the Flemings) and surname Norman baby names resemble French baby names to a great extent, largely because of the influence of French on the language. Like the Vikings before them, the Normans assimilated with the native Irish population. Kelly — The origin of this Irish name is uncertain. This was the first example of a Norman family assuming a Gaelic name. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. norman surnames in ireland